The urban heat island mitigation effect of conversion from asphalt-covered parking areas to grass-covered ones is estimated by observation and calculation. The mean surface temperature in a parking lot is calculated from a thermal image captured by an infrared camera. The sensible heat flux in each parking space is calculated based on the surface heat budget. The reduction in the sensible heat flux is estimated to be approximately 100–150 W m−2 during the day and approximately 50 W m−2 during the night, in comparison with an asphalt surface. The air temperature reduction by the spread of grass-covered parking areas is calculated to be about 0.1 °C. Furthermore, consideration is given to the appearance of the parking lot, the growth of grass, the effects of the weight of a car and the heat radiated from its engine, the costs of construction and maintenance, etc.
Takebayashi, Hideki and Moriyama, Masakazu. 2009. Study on the Urban Heat Island Mitigation Effect Achieved by Converting to Grass-Covered Parks. Solar Energy 83 (8). August 2009. Pgs. 1211 – 1223.
Source: Solar Energy
Publication Date: September 2009