An overview of several aspects of the weathering of roofing materials is presented. Degradation of materials initiated by ultraviolet radiation is discussed for plastics used in roofing, as well as wood and asphalt. Elevated temperatures accelerate many deleterious chemical reactions and hasten diffusion of material components. Effects of moisture include decay of wood, acceleration of corrosion of metals, staining of clay, and freeze–thaw damage. Soiling of roofing materials causes objectionable stains and reduces the solar reflectance of reflective materials. (Soiling of non-reflective materials can also increase solar reflectance.) Soiling can be attributed to biological growth (e.g., cyanobacteria, fungi, algae), deposits of organic and mineral particles, and to the accumulation of fly ash, hydrocarbons and soot from combustion.
Ronnen Levinson, Heat Island Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA
Hashem Akbari, Heat Island Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA
William A. Miller, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
Publication Date: April 2008